STATES AND NATION-STATES

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Description

A state is a political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly by use of force within a certain geographical territory. The word state is ultimately derived from the Latin word status, meaning “condition, circumstances”.

Some states are sovereign, while other states are subject to external sovereignty or hegemony, where supreme authority lies in another state. The term “state” also applies to federated states that are members of a federation, in which sovereignty is shared between member states and a federal body.